Surveillance refers to the act of monitoring or observing a specific area or activity from above. Surveillance can be carried out using a variety of methods, including satellite imagery, aircraft, and drones.
Aerospace surveillance is often used for a variety of purposes, including military operations, border security, environmental monitoring, and disaster response. For example, satellites and aircraft can be used to monitor the movements of enemy forces, to detect illegal border crossings, to track changes in land use or natural resources, or to assess the damage caused by natural disasters.
Aerospace surveillance systems can be equipped with a wide range of sensors and cameras, which can capture images, video, or other data from a distance. These systems are typically designed to be highly accurate, reliable, and flexible, and can be used in a variety of different environments and conditions.
In addition to the military and civilian applications of aerospace surveillance, there are also a number of scientific and research-oriented uses for these systems, such as studying the Earth's atmosphere, monitoring climate change, and searching for new resources.
Surveillance of rockets and satellites is typically carried out by a variety of organizations, depending on the specific purpose of the surveillance and the type of system being monitored. Some of the main organizations that are involved in surveillance of rockets and satellites include:
Government agencies: National space agencies and other government organizations are often responsible for monitoring the movements and activities of their own rockets and satellites, as well as those of other countries. For example, NASA and the European Space Agency (ESA) both operate ground-based tracking stations and other monitoring systems to keep track of the spacecraft they operate.
Military organizations: Military forces around the world also use satellites and other aerospace surveillance systems for a variety of purposes, such as intelligence gathering, communication, and navigation. These systems are typically operated by specialized units within the military.
Commercial companies: Private companies may also be involved in the surveillance of rockets and satellites, either as part of their own operations or on behalf of customers. For example, companies that operate communication satellites may use ground-based tracking stations to monitor the performance and health of their spacecraft.
Research institutions: Universities, research labs, and other institutions may also be involved in the surveillance of rockets and satellites, often in collaboration with other organizations. These institutions may focus on specific areas of research, such as tracking the movements of asteroids or monitoring the health of spacecraft in orbit.