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Deutsch: Herausforderer / Español: Retador / Português: Desafiador / Français: Challenger / Italiano: Sfidante /

In the aerospace context, Challenger refers to the Space Shuttle Challenger, which was one of the five orbiters that were built as part of NASA's Space Shuttle program. The Challenger was first launched on April 4, 1983, and it conducted a total of ten missions before its tragic destruction on January 28, 1986, during its 11th mission, STS-51-L, in which all seven crew members were killed.

The Challenger was designed to carry out a variety of missions, including satellite deployment, scientific research, and the repair and maintenance of orbiting spacecraft. The Challenger was also used to transport crew and cargo to and from the International Space Station (ISS) prior to the tragic incident.

The Challenger disaster was caused by the failure of an O-ring seal on one of the solid rocket boosters, which allowed hot gases to escape and damage the main fuel tank. The incident had a profound impact on NASA and the space community, and it led to a 32-month suspension of the Space Shuttle program while the accident was investigated and safety improvements were made.

The Challenger incident is considered as one of the most significant events in the history of space exploration and it had a profound impact on NASA and the space community. The incident led to a 32-month suspension of the Space Shuttle program and a major overhaul of NASA's safety procedures and management structure. Since then, NASA has implemented several safety and quality control measures, to ensure the safety of the space shuttle program and its crew.

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